The Events that Led to the 40 Hours of Work in a Week
Many companies did not have their employees working for 40 hours in a week. You will still have some workers who work for over 48 hours in a week with the set working hours being 40 hours, which is 8 hours a day for five days. To be able to get the 40 hours a week, it was a struggle and from this website, you will get more info from the events that took place.
Own who was a Welsh manufacturer suggested that a day should be divided into three equal sections with 8 hours back in 1817. These sections of the day would be for work, recreation and rest. Many of the nations in Europe did not like the idea, but later in the US, it gained popularity. The Congress later in 1866 passed the law, but it did not take charge.
In 1867, workers requested the Illinois Legislature to limit the working hours to 8 hours. The law was passed, but there are those who could sign a deal with their employers for longer hours. It made many agitated, and this led to a huge strike that took place in Chicago on the 1st of May. In 1869, the President, Ulysses S. Grant proclaimed a god wage for every worker and eight working hours a day.
In the 1870s and 1880s, we had the action of the labor organizations and trade unions who continued to push for the 40-hour working week, with a strike each year on the 1st of May. In 1886, a strike was organized that caused deaths and injuries of both the police and the workers.
In 1914, the Ford Motor Company implemented the eight working hours a day and an increased wage, but the workers still worked for six days. They visited the homes of their workers to see if they deserved the increased wages. Different companies accepted to offer their workers a 40-hour working week. 4 million Americans went on Strike for the push for 40 working hours.
In 1937, the General Motors Company had still not instituted the eight working hours with better pay. They had poor working conditions for their workers. The working hours of the workers of the GMC were reduced when they went on a strike during the Great Depression.
In 1938, President Roosevelt signed the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) which saw the working hours in a week to be 44. The Congress later amended this to 40 working hours.